Vertical Grain Flat Grain Textures Surfaced Unless otherwise specified, redwood lumber, boards and patterns are sold with a smooth-planed surface, emphasizing the wood’s beauty of grain and color. Rough Sawn, RS, means that the timber will be rough on all four sides and measure to the full measurement of the timber. 1 in x 12 in x 10 ft. Grade #3 & Better Two-Face. Redwood. Plus, an 8x8x8 timber would be a nominal size of 7 ½ inches by 7 ½ inches compared to the Rough Sawn. Mill glaze has been blamed over the years for numerous paint failures. Appearance is particularly important in the case of redwood because it has so many variations in color and the presence of knots. Because of over-logging, almost all wood available today is from young trees. Also quality decking, garden structures and other above-ground applications. Garden grades of redwood include Deck Heart, Construction Heart, Deck Common, Construction Common, Merchantable Heart, and Merchantable. We sand all our items to 220 grit and round all the edges of the boards. For installing the fence, the redwood can be reliable for getting the great performance. Wood can be purchased rough sawn or planed. For each of these redwood siding patterns, we can provide a suitable redwood grade for almost any situation. 1×4 clear All Heart redwood lumber with no sap wood. Quality heartwood grade containing limited knots and other characteristics not permitted in Heart Clear. With a bit of careful handling, you can get a lustrous finish on this wood. The B grade is reasonably clear, but allows for an occasional small tight knot and small imperfection. Normally sold kiln dried (pre-shrunk and stress free), these grades are for the finest exterior and interior architectural uses. Redwood "Clear" grade is the same quality as "Clear All Heart" - the finest architectural heartwood grade - except that it contains sapwood in varying amounts and is allowed slight visual imperfections (which we consider character) on both faces. Vertical grain lumber cannot splinter because of the angle that it is cut. All redwood siding patterns are available with smooth-surfaced or resawn faces. Both rough-sawn and surfaced/smooth textures are available to match the rest of your siding or to introduce contrast. Rough-cut lumber is just what the name implies: it's fuzzy with exposed fibers with an inconsistent surface. It is often used for fascia and siding. Types of Redwood: 5 Wood Grades to Choose From. S2S – The board has been run through a planer producing two flat faces, but the edges are left rough. ground-contact vs. above-ground). Use dimensionally stable high quality lumber. Boards are available from 1/2″ to 5/4” thick with widths from 2” to 12”. Sapwood is the wood that grew in the last 20 years or so of a tree’s life prior to being harvested (outer perimeter of a tree trunk). It is lower priced because it will not last as long as Redwood outdoors. The guarantees offered by other manufacturers point out the longevity expected. Boards are available from 1/2″ to 5/4” thick with widths from 2” to 12”. Also fine decks, hot tubs surrounds, furniture, garden structures, industrial storage and processing tanks. Grades vary from select-heart to clear heart. Although the Forever Redwood forestlands are mostly Redwood, about 30% of the conifer trees are Douglas-fir. Rough bark is also better able to protect from fires than smooth bark. Rough, Resawn, and Surfaced Rough redwood lumber has a surface that is practical for fence boards and siding. It imparts a rustic ambiance that you just can't get using milled lumber. So, in 2008, we let the secret out: Douglas-fir is an excellent choice for both outdoor and indoor furniture. The grades help determine the best use for redwood based on its durability and appearance. Quality decking, timbers, garden structures and other outdoor applications on or near the soil. Freedom from knots, or clearness, is the determinant for the highest grades. Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer. Available in 8′ to 20′ lengths. These grades may be offered seasoned or unseasoned. When dealing with the harshness of rain and weather it is often preferred to have a smooth surface to allow the water to shed quicker but in the case of siding or roofing materials that will be stained the rough unplaned side will hold coatings better. Cedar Shakes and Shingles. Finest architectural heartwood grade currently available, normally kiln dried (also available unseasoned), well manufactured, and free of defects on one face (reverse face may have slight imperfections). The thinnest rough-cut boards, labeled 4/4, and called four quarter, are 1-in. Redwood heartwood garden grades may be used on or near the soil in construction projects where knots or other characteristics are less important. Construction Heart has a similar appearance and uses as Deck Heart, but is not graded for strength. Because rough sawn fence panels absorb more wood finishing product than smooth planed wood, any colour pigment in the product is likely to look stronger or darker than it would on a smooth piece of timber. It easily outlasts plantation-grown Teak. Sapwood has less decay resistance than the “heartwood” that grew earlier in the tree’s life. Redwood Grades. Planed all round , however, means that all the wood surfaces have been planed this means that the timber has been brought to a uniform level which is smooth and ready to be worked on or presented. Each board is hand selected for optimal results. Because it faces the rain and sun, the surface of a wood deck usually deteriorates before the foundation. For our pergola kits we always use either western red rough sawn tight knot cedar or pressure treated #1 southern yellow pine lumber. The thick timber significantly increases the feel, appearance, sturdiness and durability of the furniture. Cedar shake siding and cedar shingle siding is the look most buyers crave when they consider real wood siding. Most boards have open grain (less than eight growth rings per inch). ... and has a rough, straight grain. Available surfaced or saw-textured. J&W Lumber stocks: Rough Construction Common, Rough Merchantable grade, Surfaced Construction Common, Surfaced Selected Con Common and Surfaced B-Grade. Is a beautiful premium quality Redwood grade (from trees averaging 100 years of age). For example, a 2x4x8' is really 1.5" x 3.5" x 8.00'. When I was a young-un in Colorado all the treated lumber was perforated like that. Based on your desired appearance, you can decide whether to use rough cut lumber or take advantage of our custom surfacing capabilities for a smooth, clean finish. We stock redwood decking, siding, fence boards, and redwood for all your backyard projects. increments. Left out in the harsh year-round sun, rain and snow without maintenance, Douglas-fir is guaranteed not to decay in any climate for 10 years. Valley Redwood offers a complete line of Rough Redwood and Timbers for all of your construction and landscaping needs. For example, our Eight-Foot Picnic Table with attached benches weighs 250 pounds. When I resided my house I used preprimed redwood fascia boards that I hoarded up for years after the local yard shut down. 1×2 8 – 16′ 1×4 8 – 20′ 1×6 8 – 20′ 1×8 8 – 20′ 1×12 8 – 16′ 2×4 8 – 20′ 2×6 8 – 20′ 2×8 8 – 20′ 2×12 8 – 16′ Always do a test area to be sure of the colour and final finish before starting any project. How to Resurface Cracked & Splintered Wood Decks. ground-contact vs. above-ground). The edges and sides are not smooth. Plan to lose 3/16-in. Forever Redwood’s Old-Growth comes from logs left on the ground when the forest was first logged between 1880 and 1970. Redwood Redwood tree (Image: ... Cherry wood exhibits a smooth, satiny sheen and responds well to machining, planing, and sanding. Uses of Heart B redwood include siding, paneling, trim, fascia, molding and other architectural uses. P80 Sandpaper – This is the starting grit for most hardwoods and is a staple for every wood worker. Left out in the harsh year-round sun, rain and snow without maintenance, Redwood is guaranteed not to decay in any climate for 15 years. Clearness (freedom from knots) is the determinant for the highest grades. The B grade is reasonably clear, but allows for an occasional small tight knot and small imperfection. Rough Sawn, RS, means that the timber will be rough on all four sides and measure to the full measurement of the timber. To keep the rustic flavor, interesting grain patterns and some small sound knots are included in each piece to add contrast and highlights. Re sawn lumber is achieved by re-processing smooth standard milled lumber to achieve a roughened surface, normally for aesthetics. Redwood Fencing – Our stock of redwood material for fencing is made of all heartwood and is available in all five of our redwood grades. And it is the very stable dimensionally (rarely warps, sags or twists). Grades are select-heart to clear-heart. Also, they can remove almost anything so don’t hesitate to jump up to the next grit. Reddish-brown heartwood from the inner portion of the tree contains extractives that render it resistant to insects and decay. We believe Sikkens is the best sealant for outdoor wood products based on our 20 years of experience. Rough bark is best suited to withstand harsh changes in weather from one season to the next such as the freeze-thaw cycle from winter to spring. from 1-in. Whether you’re building a deck, fence, play set or outdoor living structure; the enduring strength of From left to right: Douglas-fir, Mosaic Eco-wood, California Redwood, Mature Redwood and Old-Growth Redwood: Below are scanned images with our Transparent Premium Sealant added. Available kiln dried or unseasoned. Understanding the durability of the wood is important because it helps determine the best use for the lumber (e.g. Grades of redwood lumber are determined using criteria outlined by the Redwood Inspection Service (RIS). Same general characteristics as Construction Heart, but contains a combination of heartwood and sapwood. Deck Common is also graded for strength and is available in 2×4 and 2×6 only. 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